What is gingivitis?
Literally, the inflammation of the gum tissue; gingivitis is a periodontal disease. It is nondestructive in nature and is the most common type of gum disease.
The formation of this disease takes place because of the body’s response to bacterial biofilms (plaques). Specifically speaking, this condition is termed as plaque-induced gingivitis.
The effects of gingivitis however, can be reversed, if you practice excellent oral hygiene. In case it is left unattended, this disease can evolve into periodontitis, which is a harmful condition. This is so, because at this stage, the inflammation permeates the gum tissue at a deeper level, and causes tissue destruction as well as tremendous alveolar bone resorption. Eventually, this will lead to tooth loss. Yet, in some cases, untreated gingivitis never leads to periodontitis.
Factors that cause gingivitis
Given below is a list of factors that result in gingivitis:
– Increased deposition of plaque
– Hormonal changes during puberty, pregnancy etc.
– Illnesses such as cancer, diabetes, HIV etc.
– Anti-angina medications
– Lack of brushing
– Absence of flossing
– Family history
What are the symptoms of gingivitis?
-You should see a dentist in case you see any of the following symptoms:
– Swelling in your gums (gingival hyperplasia)
– Pain and redness in gum tissue
– Bleeding while brushing your teeth
– Foul breath
– Loss of structure of the gums
When should you seek medical attention?
This condition can be easily managed if good dental hygiene is practiced at home. However, if you find that your breath has taken on a foul smell and that your gums have turned a beefy-red, visit your dentist immediately. In cases where the condition has progressed to Acute Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis (ANUG), which is commonly known by the name of trench mouth, you will require special treatment at a hospital.
This is because ANUG does not stay confined to the gums and has a tendency to spread rapidly to other tissues of the face and neck. This results in a complete loss of the oral architecture. The lymph nodes of the neck also swell up and the overall condition of this disease is quite painful.
Effective routine to avoid gingivitis
In order to avoid this unpleasant condition called gingivitis and its subsequent manifestations, it is necessary that you maintain good oral hygiene. This can be achieved by brushing your teeth twice a day and after every meal if possible. Moreover, it is of absolute necessity that you brush your teeth using the proper method and do not choose to ignore the dorsal aspect of your teeth while cleaning.
It is also imperative to floss you teeth as it gets rid of any particles that are stuck in between their crevices. Using a good mouthwash is also recommended to fight plaque buildup.
If you are concerned about the effects of gingivitis on your teeth and gums, be sure to contact Brenham Family Dental today. We offer a wide range of dental services and can provide you with the best in dental care. Our offices are conveniently located northwest of Houston in Brenham Texas.